Govt has no right to suspend trade for more than a year – GMRA

first_img13 months into scrap metal banThe Guyana Metal Recyclers Association (GMRA), the official body for exporters of scrap metal, has reached out to lambast the Government for what it says is the illegal suspension of the trade for more than one year, rendering legitimate businessmen incapable of making a living.Agitated over the suspension of the trade, Secretary of the GMRA Michael Benjamin complained that not only was the license to ply their trade suspended without notice; the suspension for more than one year in itself is illegal.“For 13 months we are without any answers. We are pleading with the Administration to speed up the process because by law, the Government is not allowed to suspend the industry for more than one year… we have lost in the billions,” he bemoaned.Benjamin stated that the suspension has rendered exporters incapable of making a living for their families. He stated that many exporters have bank loans to pay and are unable to honour their contractual oblegations because the business has stalled.Questioning whether this is the good life the coalition Government promised them, Benjamin exposed that scores of workers have been laid off.Referencing this enormous loss, Benjamin is pleading with the Administration to speed up the process of the draft legislation which is aimed at reconfiguring the sector.“They told us that they are going to take the legislation to Cabinet next week and we are hoping that that is realistic because we were told that before. We don’t have time on our hands, our businesses are stalled. We cannot feed our family and pay our mortgage and our bills,” he said, asking the Government to tell them what to do.Last year, Government removed the responsibility of the scrap metal trade from the Central Housing and Planning Authority to the Business Ministry. Since then, the Ministry has been in consultation with various stakeholders and the Association to revamp the sector.The legislation is expected to go to Cabinet next Tuesday for approval. However, Benjamin fears that this is a fool’s promise.Benjamin stated that the sector had to lay off a lot of their workers because there was no work for them. He stated that some 1500 workers depend on the industry for an income.In 2015, Ram and McRae produced a forensic audit report, which revealed that the Scrap Metal Unit within the Central Housing and Planning Authority was accountable for a string of irregularities, including the mishandling of packing procedures for scrap and the expenditure of millions of dollars.It also revealed that the laws governing the scrap metal trade need to be completely revamped. Benjamin said the revamp should be accelerated because the Government cannot shut the trade down for more than a year.It has been 13 months since the scrap metal trade has been stalled.last_img read more

How will Warriors stay motivated in 2018-19 season?

first_imgOAKLAND – The Warriors’ latest championship banner will be raised. The Warriors’ latest ring will be presented. And so before their season opener against the Oklahoma City Thunder on Tuesday at Oracle Arena, the Warriors will have a visual reminder of what drives this franchise.“I’m going to soak it all up,” Warriors guard Klay Thompson said. “It’s going to be fun.”How long will that fun last? Perhaps from October to June. Once again, the Warriors are projected to win another NBA …last_img read more

Five alternative energy initiatives in Africa

first_img26 October 2016The renewable energy industry is a two-fold opportunity: it offers cost- effective, environmentally friendly energy to consumers in Africa and it provides a new avenue of business for entrepreneurs. Five companies are at the forefront of making alternative energy viable on the continent.Solynta EnergySolynta Engineering Team in action! #solar#nigeria#lagos# pic.twitter.com/vcoDDeKIpo— Solynta Energy (@SolyntaEnergy) October 6, 2015Founded by Lagos entrepreneur Uvie Ugono in Nigeria in 2013, Solynta provides solar panel installations to Nigeria, Ghana and South Africa. Operating with little corporate support, the company focuses on installing systems onto schools, healthcare facilities and small businesses. The company also operates a number of solar “filling stations” around Nigeria that offers consumer education, repairs and pre-loaded solar panels.Off Grid ElectricOur customers rely on their mobile devices to make payments https://t.co/3SxVFpiE6c pic.twitter.com/K8YcDs2j7t— Off Grid Electric (@OffGridE) August 18, 2016This Tanzanian small-scale power supplier uses the M-Pesa mobile money service to provide solar power systems, including LED lighting systems, to rural areas. The self-sustaining solar system complete with panels and lithium battery can be installed for as little as US$6 (about R82). It has installed over 10 000 systems in rural Tanzania and Rwanda. The company raised over $25-million (about R344-million) in 2015 that goes towards providing systems, maintenance support and technical training.Ugesi GoldUgesi Gold and EnergyNet’s off-grid energy solution starts generating power at SA school https://t.co/T4tJXNVYIA pic.twitter.com/QHrR3u8jKf— Damilola Ade (@aadedamilola) February 17, 2016A South African energy start-up, Ugesi Gold provides solar battery charging stations, called SolarTurtles, in rural areas where users can charge solar battery packs which are then carried home. In February 2014 the project was proclaimed as a Climate Solver by the World Wildlife Fund that highlights the best technologies in reducing carbon emissions and support energy access while creating awareness of the value of innovation as a tool to tackle climate change.JuabarAnother great concept for #solar mobile phone charging kiosks in rural areas – this one Juabar from Tanzania #tech4D pic.twitter.com/mpOc6zurpO— Anna Lowe (@annawillcreate) January 29, 2016Juabars, Swahili for ‘sun bar’, are becoming a common sight in Tanzania in small towns and urban areas alike. Started in 2013, Juabar travelling solar-powered phone charging kiosks use 50W solar-PV systems to charge up to 20 mobile phones or small electronic appliances at once. The company charges $600 (about R8 200) for start-up equipment and aftersales technical support to entrepreneurs who want to offer charging services to the approximately 30-million mobile users in the country. The stations are also used as mini-hubs for the community “to interact with, learn about, and create their own solar energy solutions.”SolarKiosk@solarkiosk empowers the sustainable economic development of BoP communities through clean energy services and products. #CleanSolcution pic.twitter.com/6D9AGbt4MF— GoodFestival 2016 (@GoodPowWow) October 22, 2016Operating in Kenya and Ethiopia, SolarKiosk converts traditional kiosk-stores with solar panels, enabling it to run on its own power and provide additional services to consumers, including battery charging, refrigeration and internet access. The converted kiosks provide a vital connection for rural communities to the rest of the world. The concept has been featured at the global ideas hub Tedx and won several international innovation awards.Source: AFKInsiderSouthAfrica.info reporterWould you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See: Using SouthAfrica.info materiallast_img read more

ICC Champions Trophy: Virat Kohli a prized wicket for Pakistan, says Mohammad Amir

first_imgPakistan fast bowler Mohammad Amir is all set to play in the high-octane Champions Trophy final against arch-rival India after recovering fully from a back spasm.This is their first Champions Trophy final in the history of the tournament.Team administration confirmed the news about Amir’s participation in the final match against title-holders India at the Kennington Oval on Sunday, the Dawn reported.The 25-year-old was also seen practising at the Oval ground on Friday, two days ahead of the match.Amir was earlier forced to sit-out during his side’s surprising eight-wicket win over England in the first semi- final of the eight-team marquee event at the Sophia Gardens in Cardiff on Wednesday.Rumman Raees had replaced him in Pakistan’s Playing XI during that match.Amir said that Virat Kohli will be under pressure in his first big tournament final as captain.”The Indian team relies on Virat Kohli. He will be under pressure because it’s his first big tournament final as a captain. There’s no doubt that his wicket will give us advantage,” Amir said.”Getting the top three Indian batsmen early on will be crucial,” he added.(With inputs from ANI)last_img read more

10 months agoLiverpool boss Klopp: Pulisic to Chelsea? Another…

first_imgTagsTransfersAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say Liverpool boss Klopp: Pulisic to Chelsea? Another…by Paul Vegas10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveLiverpool boss Jurgen Klopp has offered his opinion on Chelsea’s deal for Borussia Dortmund winger Christian Pulisic.Liverpool had been in competition with the Stamford Bridge club to land the American this January, but Klopp cooled his interest in the forward and the Blues swooped.Chelsea opted to loan the American back to Germany until the end of the season, at which point the 20-year-old will link up with his new team.And Klopp said: “[He’s] a really good player, another good player for Chelsea. “I’ve known him for a while and followed him [in his career]. Another really skilled boy playing in England.” last_img read more

UWI Team Develops Treatment for Hyperglycemia and Hypertension

first_imgA pioneering treatment for high blood sugar and high blood pressure, created by a team from the University of the West Indies (UWI), has won the Minister’s Innovation Awards for 2012. The entry, titled: ‘A Novel Treatment Against Hyperglycemia and Hypertension,’ was adjudged as likely to be the most significant in its effect on the scientific and technological world. It topped a field of 177 entrants in the awards competition developed by the Ministry of Science, Technology, Energy and Mining. The delighted team comprising Dr. Lisa Lindo of the Biochemistry Department, Dr. Trevor Yee of the Natural Products Institute, and Professor Paul Reese of the Chemistry Department, were on hand to collect the Champions ‘Innovator of the Year’ trophy and a cheque for $2 million, at the awards gala and banquet held last night (November 8) at the Jamaica Pegasus hotel, New Kingston. The product also came out on top in the Health and Wellness category, earning the team a further $750,000. “This is a great feeling,” Dr. Lindo said of the win. She explained that the team used the eucalyptus plant in their experiment and found that extracts from the plant were doing better than some popular drugs now in use to lower hypertension and blood sugar. She said they were in the process of patenting the drug and looking forward to have it produced as a supplement to be taken orally. “It is really great because now I am thinking that we can look into more research, more into folklore medicine. We know that everybody looks into drinking these plants but we don’t really know what is in these plants that is causing the effects, so now we have now proved, in this case, what is really in it and what it is good for,” she said. The UWI team shared the spotlight with a group of students from Sunderland Primary School in St. James, who won the Youth Award for their Sunderland Quick Patch, which is designed to fill potholes. They received $1 million and a trophy.Sunderland Other winners on the night were Alison Latchman in the ‘Creativity’ category for Cabbie Chronicles; Leary Myers and Leonardo Clarke of the UWI in the ‘Resource Utilisation Efficiency’ category for Real Time Monitoring and Alert System; Kingsley Palmer in the ‘Resource/Knowledge Valorisation’ category for Agriculture-Water Harvesting and Conservation Techniques; and Ewan Pitter in the Open category, for ‘Renewable Energy Driven Fully Controlled Microcontroller Based On Automated Hydroponic Greenhouse system’. Portfolio Minister, Hon. Phillip Paulwell, said he was pleased that after a brief hiatus, the Ministry has once again begun to salute the achievers and innovators in a spectacular way. He pledged that the competition will be held annually. He explained that the format of this year’s competition is “winners take all” but noted that an arrangement has been reached with the Jamaica Intellectual Property Office (JIPO) to assist all the entrants to properly register their patents. This, in an effort to “add value to your thoughts, to your ideas, to your innovations,” Mr. Paulwell said. Stating that the country’s development will soon be judged on the number of patents registered per annum, he said that “we are going to get our youngsters in schools to …focus now on the sciences (and) to stop thinking that these are hard subjects. We need more Mathematicians, we need more Chemists, we need more Physicists… it is in these areas that we have opportunities that we are going to exploit.” Chief Judge and Dean of the Faculty of Science and Technology, UWI, Professor Ishenkumba Kahwa, noted that the winners were unanimously agreed on by the judges. He noted that the judges did research to verify the originality of the patents and commended the high quality of the entries particularly the information communication technology (ICT) submissions. Distinguished Jamaican-born chemist, Professor Bert Fraser Reid, who has done ground breaking research into the chemistry of sugar, delivered the main address at the  black tie awards ceremony, which was a special Jamaica 50th Anniversary event. Professor Reid encouraged the entrants not to give up if they were not successful the first time but to continue trying. The Minister’s Innovation Award was being staged for the fourth time since its introduction in 2005. It is aimed at nurturing a culture of creativity and stimulating or catalyzing innovation through the application of science and technology to drive economic growth and wealth creation. Through the awards, outstanding, innovative individuals and institutions are identified, recognised and rewarded. They are also given assistance to protect and commercialise their innovations.  The event itself provides an opportunity to celebrate and promote innovative attributes and cultural values.last_img read more

Most actively traded companies on the TSX

first_imgSome of the most active companies traded Monday on the Toronto Stock Exchange:Toronto Stock Exchange (16,103.51, up 7.44 points)Pure Technologies Ltd. (TSX:PUR). Technology. Up $4.47, or 100.68 per cent, to $8.91 on 13.2 million shares. The Calgary-based water pipeline technology and inspection company says it has agreed to be sold for more than half a billion dollars to New York-based Xylem Inc.Aurora Cannabis Inc. (TSX:ACB). Health care. Up 22 cents, or 3.10 per cent, to $7.31 on 9.7 million shares. Saskatoon-based medical marijuana producer CanniMed Therapeutics (TSX:CMED) (Down six cents, or 0.30 per cent, to $19.87 on 159,202 shares) is seeking regulatory action in both Saskatchewan and Ontario, the company’s latest push back against a hostile takeover attempt by Aurora Cannabis. CanniMed has applied to securities regulators in both provinces to have Aurora’s hostile offer be considered an “insider bid,” and be treated as such.Valeant Pharmaceuticals International Inc. (TSX:VRX). Pharmaceutical. Up $1.09, or 4.30 per cent, to $26.45 on 4.7 million shares.Canopy Growth Corp. (TSX:WEED). Health care. Up 49 cents, or 2.52 per cent, to $19.91 on 4.5 million shares.Aphria Inc. (TSX:APH). Health care. Up 59 cents, or 4.38 per cent, to $14.06 on 3.9 million shares.Fortune Minerals Ltd. (TSX:FT). Miner. Up one cent, or 3.70 per cent, to 28 cents on 3.8 million shares.Companies reporting major news:Onex Corp. (TSX:ONEX). Industrials. Up 53 cents, or 0.55 per cent, to $96.07 on 127,657 shares. The Toronto-based private equity company says it has agreed to acquire a U.S. company that manages hundreds of sports, entertainment and business venues including Soldier Field, home to the NFL’s Chicago Bears. Onex didn’t disclose how much it will pay for privately held SMG Holdings Inc., in partnership with its existing management team. The deal is expected to close in early 2018.last_img read more

Trump says hell push tariffs despite pressure from GOP

first_imgWASHINGTON – Warning of economic fallout, congressional Republicans and industry groups pressed President Donald Trump on Tuesday to narrow his plan for across-the-board tariffs on imports of steel and aluminum. Trump appeared unmoved, declaring, “Trade wars aren’t so bad.”The president said he planned to move forward with special tariffs on imported steel and aluminum, contending the U.S. has long been “mistreated” in trade deals.“We’re doing tariffs on steel. We cannot lose our steel industry. It’s a fraction of what it once was. And we can’t lose our aluminum industry,” Trump said during a joint news conference with Swedish Prime Minister Stefan Lofven.Hours later, White House economic adviser Gary Cohn, who has opposed the tariffs, announced his plans to depart the White House, another signal that the president intends to go through with the penalties.The president’s pledge for action, which would be in line with a one of his campaign promises, came after House Speaker Paul Ryan of Wisconsin called for a “more surgical approach” that would help avert a potentially dangerous trade war. Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell of Kentucky said there was concern Trump’s plan could lead to such disruptive turmoil.“We are urging caution,” McConnell said.Republican Sen. David Perdue of Georgia, who opposes the tariffs, said after meeting Tuesday with White House chief of staff John Kelly that the administration was willing to consider his views. “Absolutely. There’s an openness now,” Perdue said.“I think there’s been a step back,” said Sen. Pat Roberts, R-Kan. “I don’t think he’s reconsidering, but I think he’s trying to figure out what his best step is forward.”But those views sounded more like wishful thinking after Trump’s news conference, in which he reiterated his plans to impose the tariffs of 25 per cent on steel imports and 10 per cent on aluminum imports. He said he’d respond to unfair treatment by foreign countries and huge trade deficits. “We’re going to straighten it out and we’ll do it in a very loving way,” Trump said.The president also reaffirmed the possibility that Canada and Mexico might not face the tariffs if they are willing to offer more favourable terms under the North American Free Agreement, which is being renegotiated.Senior White House adviser Jared Kushner and staff from the State Department and National Security Council will be meeting Wednesday with Mexico’s president and foreign minister in Mexico City.Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin told lawmakers Trump was trying to balance protections for beleaguered steel and aluminum producers while “making sure that we don’t do undue harm to the economy.”“We are not looking to get into trade wars. We are looking to make sure that U.S. companies can compete fairly around the world,” Mnuchin said at a House hearing.Trump has been keenly aware of how the tariffs may play in a March 13 special House election in western Pennsylvania, part of the nation’s steel belt, White House officials have said. The president is headlining a Saturday rally in support of Rick Saccone, who is battling Democrat Conor Lamb in the Republican-leaning district.The dispute over tariffs has exposed a rift between advocates of free trade, who have long dominated GOP circles, and a president who has railed against China and pushed for more protectionist trade policies.Internally, White House officials who oppose the blanket tariffs have urged the administration to limit the countries that would be affected and to impose time limits. This would help the president say he delivered on his promise and still try to avoid possible negative consequences, said Stephen Moore, a former campaign adviser and now an economist with the conservative Heritage Foundation.Republicans in Congress and within Trump’s administration say industries and their workers who need steel and aluminum for their products would be hurt by Trump’s threatened tariffs. They say Americans will face higher costs for new cars, appliances and buildings if the president follows through on his threat and other nations retaliate.Trump has said the tariffs are needed to preserve the American industries and protect national security. But he has also tried to use them as leverage in the current talks to revise NAFTA.Business leaders are mobilizing against the tariffs. The Aluminum Association, a trade group representing 114 member companies with more than 700,000 U.S. jobs, told Trump in a letter Tuesday that it was “deeply concerned” about the effects of the planned tariffs and urged him to seek alternatives such as targeting China and other countries with a history of circumventing trade rules.Ryan said Trump was correct to focus on the problem of the dumping of steel in the U.S. at lower prices. But he said the administration’s approach was “a little too broad and more prone to retaliation.”“What we’re encouraging the administration to do is to focus on what is clearly a legitimate problem and to be more surgical in its approach,” Ryan said.Republicans have suggested they may try to undercut the tariffs if Trump goes ahead with them. But Sen. Jeff Flake, R-Ariz., said he was doubtful the GOP majority would be able to muster the votes to pass legislation to block the special taxes.Flake said it was tough to dissuade Trump because the president “keeps coming back like a homing pigeon on trade deficits.”Mnuchin defended the possible tariffs, telling lawmakers that Trump “loves farmers and the farm community.” Rep. David Young, R-Iowa, responded, “It doesn’t seem so with some of the policies that are coming out.”Mnuchin said the administration hopes to release details on the tariffs this week. “He does understand the potential impacts it has on the economy and I think we have a way of managing through this,” he said.___Associated Press writers Alan Fram, Kevin Freking, Martin Crutsinger and Josh Boak in Washington contributed to this report.___Follow Ken Thomas on Twitter at https://twitter.com/KThomasDClast_img read more

Three kids charred to death after transformer explodes

first_imgGreater Noida: Three children were charred to death in a fire triggered by a blast in an electronic transformer in sector phi-III of Greater Noida on Wednesday afternoon. Victim’s family members alleged laxity on part of the electricity department as they made several complaints regarding malfunctioning of the transformer but no one responded.According to police, the deceased were identified as Rinku (13), Golu (8) and Sagar (8), all natives of sector phi-III in Greater Noida. Also Read – India gets first tranche of Swiss bank a/c detailsAs per reports, the incident occurred around 3:00 pm when the children were playing cricket near the transformer. “They were playing cricket at the road near transformer room and entered the room fetch their cricket ball. However, the transformer exploded and all the three children failed to escape the room and were charred in the fire,” an eyewitness said. Meanwhile, the family members have alleged that the transformer has been installed in a room situated at a boundary walled plot but the gates always remained open. Also Read – Tourists to be allowed in J&K from Thursday”We have made several complaints to the electricity department about malfunctioning of this particular transformer but no one ever paid heed to them. Moreover, no attendant was ever appointed in the transformer room while the gates of the plot and shutter of room, where transformer was placed, remained open always,” said one of victim’s family members. Police officials said that they will lodge an FIR into the matter and will investigate. “Police were informed around 4 pm and a team rushed to the spot. We found that the three children were completely charred in the fire triggered by an explosion in electricity transformer. The bodies have been sent for the post-mortem while samples have been collected by forensic team. We will register an FIR into the case and will investigate the matter,” said Shwetabh Pandey, Circle officer-I, Greater Noida. The parents of these deceased kids were working at construction sites. The transformer was placed at the sub station of Noida Power Company limited (NPCL). Following the incident, senior police officials along with officials from NPCL reached the spot. A compensation of Rs 5 lakh was announced for the family members of all three children by NPCL board, said Shwetabh Pandey.last_img read more

Are The Warriors Now The NBAs Greatest Dynasty

With three NBA championships over the past four seasons, the Golden State Warriors are a bona fide dynasty. Regardless of how you feel about its 2016 acquisition of Kevin Durant, which lifted an already historic team to an entirely new level of dominance, Golden State has done something special: Only seven NBA teams1Among four different franchises. have ever pulled off the three-rings-in-four-years trick. Even for the most talented roster ever, that’s not an easy thing to accomplish.The league’s history is, in many ways, defined by its dynasties in a manner that other sports aren’t, and the Warriors are nothing if not the defining team of our current era. But where do they rank in comparison with those other dynastic teams from years past? Although there’s no definitively correct answer, it’s still fun to argue. So we thought we’d fact-check Golden State’s case using our Elo ratings, which are designed to measure a team’s inherent strength at any given moment.Let’s start with the best runs of four consecutive seasons according to the method we favor for judging historical Elo seasons: a blend2Using the harmonic mean. of a team’s final, peak and full-season-average ratings.3For the latter two categories, we exclude the first 20 games of the season, to give a team the chance to stabilize during the season in question. To ensure that a team rated highly every year, I took the harmonic mean of its blended rating from each of the four seasons. Here are the all-time rankings, excluding any duplicates from the same franchise over the same span of years: The Warriors are Elo’s most impressive NBA dynastyHighest multiyear blended Elo rating relative to expectation for a championship-caliber team for NBA franchises that won at least three titles in a span of 10 or fewer years, 1948-2018 San Antonio Spurs2013-1611736 Golden State Warriors2015-1831789 Golden State Warriors2015-183 of 41789+188 Detroit Pistons1987-9021695 A “championship-caliber” team starts out with an Elo of 1600, and dynasties are measured against what we’d project that team’s multiyear blended Elo to be after a given number of years.For franchises that made the list multiple times in a given time period, only their highest-rated stretch during the span was included.Source: Basketball-Reference.com Chicago Bulls1991-9431717 Miami Heat2005-143 of 101596+39 Los Angeles Lakers1998-043 of 71684+112 According to Elo, the Warriors of the past few years have snapped off what is easily the best stretch of four consecutive seasons any NBA team has ever had. By that standard, then, they absolutely belong in the conversation of the league’s greatest dynasties. But of course, they’ve also only had four dynasty-level seasons to speak of. As hard as it is to remember what things were like before the Warriors started dominating, Golden State’s reign has been brief in dynasty terms.So how should we measure the Warriors’ four-year stretch against, say, the Chicago Bulls’ pair of three-peats in the 1990s or the Boston Celtics’ ridiculous championship monopoly of the 1960s?To help put various dynastic runs on equal footing, I began with a thought experiment: How easily would a generic championship-caliber team be able to match a given multiyear run from NBA history? The most difficult-to-replicate stretches are, by definition, the most impressive ones — and in my conception, make for the best dynasties — because a normal contending team is so unlikely to pull them off.As a way of quantifying this, I assigned our generic team a preseason Elo rating of 1600, aka the average preseason Elo for NBA champs since 1948. I then ran a series of regressions to determine what we’d expect its average blended Elo over the next given stretch of seasons to be and compared every possible stretch of seasons in each franchise’s history to those expected ratings. I isolated things down to NBA teams that won at least three championships in a span of 10 or fewer years and tossed out overlapping runs from the same franchise that didn’t prove to be more impressive than other, higher-ranking ones. The dynastic runs we’re left with are the most successful — i.e., the most difficult to replicate — out of all possible multiyear periods in NBA history.As you can see in the table below, the most impressive period for one team might last only three years, while another’s could span an entire decade. For example, the current Warriors’ best period came over the 2015 to 2018 period, because their four-year mark of 1789 was 188 points higher than what we’d expect our generic contender’s average blended Elo over the next four seasons to be. Another example: The San Antonio Spurs’ best run came over 10 seasons, from 1998-99 to 2007-08,4Yes, 2008 is included despite San Antonio’s burst of championships (which started in 1999) temporarily being put on hold after 2007. Our method thinks extending their Elo run into a very good 10th season was more impressive than if we simply look at things after their 2007 championship season. during which time they had a blended Elo rating of 1702 — 145 points better than we’d expect that generic championship-caliber team to do over a 10-season period. Some franchises, like the Bulls, are listed twice in rapid succession, because they had multiple short runs that were highly impressive and didn’t overlap.Here’s Elo’s ranking of all-time NBA dynasties: Utah Jazz1995-9801702 * Using the harmonic mean.Source: Basketball-Reference.com TeamSeasonsChampionshipsBlended Elovs. Exp. Los Angeles Lakers2000-0331703 Philadelphia 76ers1980-8311698 Boston Celtics1980-873 of 81696+130 Chicago Bulls1996-983 of 31793+181 Chicago Bulls1991-933 of 31746+134 Miami Heat2011-1421702 Elo’s best four-year runsHighest average* blended Elo across four consecutive seasons for NBA franchises, 1948-18 Los Angeles Lakers1982-914 of 101685+128 Chicago Bulls1995-9831745 TeamSeasonsTitles4-Year Blended Elo San Antonio Spurs1999-084 of 101702+145 Boston Celtics1984-8721716 Milwaukee Bucks1971-7411701 Los Angeles Lakers2008-1121706 Boston Celtics1959-678 of 91676+115 Oklahoma City Thunder2011-1401692 Minneapolis Lakers1949-545 of 61651+72 Los Angeles Lakers1985-8831715 San Antonio Spurs2003-0621719 Even compared with other dynasties, the current Warriors and Michael Jordan’s second Bulls three-peat stand out. Our method says that it is slightly more difficult for a typical championship contender to replicate Golden State’s four-year run than Chicago’s three-year stretch, but that’s just splitting hairs. Either dynasty could be considered the GOAT, which is truly a testament to the impressiveness of what the Warriors are currently doing.A few notes on the rest of the list: The Spurs dynasty is difficult to pin down — we once coined the term “Grover Cleveland” (instead of the often overused D-word) for teams like San Antonio that won multiple championships but never consecutively5Cleveland was famously the only president in history to serve multiple non-consecutive terms. — but this approach considers their most difficult-to-duplicate period to be that aforementioned decade from 1999 to 2008. It also considers the Shaq-and-Kobe Lakers’ best run to be the seven seasons from 1997-98 to 2003-04, which includes (but is not limited to) the 1999-2000 through 2001-02 three-peat that most fans consider to be their dynastic peak.The Russell-era Celtics strike me as surprisingly low on the list, perhaps as a consequence of only examining 10-year windows of time at a maximum (the Celtics won 11 rings in 13 seasons, from 1957 to 1969). But Elo also has never been all that high on those Boston teams, with only one — the 1965 version — even cracking the top 50 for single seasons. In some ways, those Celtics were a very early prototype for today’s superteams who pace themselves through the regular season and then peak during the playoffs: Boston won 60-plus games in only two of their 11 championship seasons during that span and won a pair of titles with fewer than 50 regular-season wins.6Granted, in schedules shorter than today’s 82-game slate. However conducive that was to winning championships, it didn’t help earn the Celtics many Elo brownie points.Finally, Dwyane Wade’s Miami Heat also qualify for this list, although they’re not necessarily a “dynasty” that many people think of when perusing the annals of NBA history. Between Wade’s Finals MVP turn in 2006 and the two rings they tacked on after LeBron James and Chris Bosh joined the team in 2010 — plus a number of solid seasons in between7Avert your eyes from 2008! — the Heat could be considered a dynasty if you squint hard enough. If so, however, it also makes sense for them to be stashed away at the very bottom of the rankings here.But back to the Warriors. Elo already considers them to be on par with the greatest dynasties the game has ever seen, and as my colleague Chris Herring wrote over the weekend, they also seem poised to keep their core together longer than most. Although the end does come sooner for these types of teams than we tend to think while we’re in the middle of their dominance, Golden State now has a chance to build on what it’s already accomplished and solidify itself as the clear No. 1 choice among the NBA’s all-time dynasties. Let’s see if they can take advantage of the opportunity. read more