Chinese ambassador to Bangladesh Zhang Zuo meets foreign minister AK Abdul Momen at his office on Thursday, 16 May, 2019. Photo: CourtesyBangladesh has sought China’s strong support so that Myanmar moves in the right direction for resolving the Rohingya crisis, reports UNB.Foreign minister AK Abdul Momen raised the issue when Chinese ambassador to Bangladesh Zhang Zuo met him at his office on Thursday.The foreign minister appreciated the Chinese humanitarian assistance for the displaced people of Rakhine State. Bangladesh is now hosting over 1.2 million Rohingyas.Ambassador Zuo said China is willing to play a “constructive role” in realising the repatriation of displaced people and will facilitate communication between Bangladesh and Myanmar to find a practical solution to the crisis.Foreign minister Momen and ambassador Zhang shared their concerns that the protracted presence of Rohingyas in Bangladesh may disrupt the regional peace and stability as vested quarters are trying to radicalise the displaced people.They underscored the need for the early repatriation of the displaced people, said the ministry of foreign affairs.The Chinese ambassador deeply appreciated the proactive engagement of the foreign minister in promoting bilateral relations to a newer height.He underlined the importance of the bilateral consultation mechanisms to steer the practical cooperation between the two countries.The foreign minister also appreciated the fact that many bilateral instruments worth billions of dollar investment were signed during Xi Jinping’s visit to Bangladesh in 2016 when the bilateral relationship got elevated to strategic partnership.
© 2016 Phys.org Journal information: Proceedings of the Royal Society A Citation: Statistics suggests that unanimous agreement in witnessed events may be sign of an error (2016, March 23) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2016-03-statistics-unanimous-agreement-witnessed-events.html Overwhelming evidence? It’s probably a bad thing (Phys.org)—A team of researchers with The University of Adelaide and one with University of Angers has found that the probability of a unanimous agreement in witnessed events is low enough that instances of such are likely a sign of an error. In their paper published in Proceedings of the Royal Society A, the researchers suggest their findings could have an impact on fields as diverse as legal proceedings, archaeological assessments and even cryptographic testing. Explore further When a jury is given testimony by many witnesses to a crime, all fingering the same person, the consensus is generally that the police have caught the right person. But, a statistical assessment of such instances by the research team suggests that may not always be the case. They suggest that the opposite may in fact be true, that the more witnesses fingering the same person, the greater likelihood there is that the wrong person has been caught.The reasoning by the team goes along the lines of logic; if 100 people observe an apple sitting on an otherwise bare table and all confirm it was an apple, than there is a strong likelihood that it was an apple sitting there. But, what happens when the observation is not so simple—for example, what if 100 people see a man carrying a bag of money out of a bank after a robbery, and all 100 agree that it was the man police have identified as the robber. That might be a problem because prior research has shown that when asked to identify a person that witnesses have seen for just a few seconds, especially if that person is running away, can be as low as 50 percent correct. When performing Bayesian analysis on such scenarios, the team reports, the numbers grow worse as the number of people unanimously agrees on something they believe they have seen. Put another way, statistically speaking, it is nearly impossible for 100 people to all correctly identify a person in such a situation—thus, if they do, it calls into question the validity of the results.The researchers note that their findings apply to other areas as well—if 100 archeologists agree on the source of a find, for example, the odds are great that there is an error somewhere, because statistics suggests there should be at least some differences in the results. More information: Lachlan J. Gunn et al. Too good to be true: when overwhelming evidence fails to convince, Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Science (2016). DOI: 10.1098/rspa.2015.0748AbstractIs it possible for a large sequence of measurements or observations, which support a hypothesis, to counterintuitively decrease our confidence? Can unanimous support be too good to be true? The assumption of independence is often made in good faith; however, rarely is consideration given to whether a systemic failure has occurred. Taking this into account can cause certainty in a hypothesis to decrease as the evidence for it becomes apparently stronger. We perform a probabilistic Bayesian analysis of this effect with examples based on (i) archaeological evidence, (ii) weighing of legal evidence and (iii) cryptographic primality testing. In this paper, we investigate the effects of small error rates in a set of measurements or observations. We find that even with very low systemic failure rates, high confidence is surprisingly difficult to achieve; in particular, we find that certain analyses of cryptographically important numerical tests are highly optimistic, underestimating their false-negative rate by as much as a factor of 280. Credit: George Hodan/Public Domain This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Discoveries at Art Basel Hong Kong had quizzical art lovers coming to the Gallery SKE Booth and standing in front of a set of works that move when humans approach it. Pors & Rao created a flutter at the India Art Fair this year when their little glass box with a plain sheet of paper seemed to be blowing with the wind inside the box at the Gallery SKE and Photoink Booth. A gust of wind was shown at Art Basel last year and it was made from plastic, wood, metal, electro-mechanical components, and artificial paper. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfPors & Rao have been presenting a constellation of animatronic works that were initiated in 2009, 2012 and 2017 and finalized in 2018, all reflecting on autobiographical patterns of emotional dependencies and power dynamics between the individual and the environment. Ideas and works are seen as self-conscious ‘beings’, often acting out performative and algorithmic behaviours such as fatigue, fear, shyness or longing. The visual language often employs elements derived from animated cartoons and computer games. Four works stand apart at Art Basel Hong Kong. The first is a work on the floor called Pointer and Shadow. This animation and animism reference is also visible in the proposed floor work Pointer and Shadow, where a three-dimensional white-gloved hand in painted fibreglass (referencing a computer pointer icon) is hovering in the air just above the ground, pointing downwards. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveThe second is Imperial Monochromes – a wall installation of 8 monochrome panels of different sizes. If undisturbed, the panels resemble a suprematist composition, chaotically arranged in different directions and angles, but as soon as the viewer comes near the installation, the panels quickly pivot to appear as a strict symmetrical arrangement reminiscent of family portraits of the Renaissance or religious altarpieces.The third stunning sculptural installation is exploding view – a set of elements that coalesce together and then move along a radial in linear motion. It explores a notion of memory grooves that together form a recollection of a single moment and reveals its emotional content, similar to how a lump of compressed coal is split open. The ‘view’ is built of a simple iconography in approximate similar sizes, resembling the uniformity of a google image search. An explosion gives birth to an orderly image, like the big bang in a pixie format. It’s the elements that are most enchanting. The fourth work and the only acrylic is called Gum Figure. The corner work shows a juxtaposition of the creation, as if the walls have been made for the unusual bodied figure that at once reflects symmetry as well as the unusual nature of patternicity which ensues in creating shapes that are unpredictable as well as rare, shapes that create sensory states of being involving the ideation of both vulnerability as well as captivity and the state of being.The works delve into the autonomous parts of human behaviour, especially as it manifests in the nuances of movement. These subtle expressions of the body are perceived as a primordial language of consciousness that is shared with many other species on the planet.