Keck study finds that IUDs may prevent cervical cancer

first_imgIn 2012, 270,000 women died from cervical cancer, according to the World Health Organization. Photo courtesy of USC News.Intrauterine devices, also known as IUDs, have become an increasingly popular form of birth control for women, with a 99.9 percent effectiveness rate, according to Planned Parenthood. But according to a new study released by the Keck School of Medicine of USC, they can serve another purpose — offering protections against cervical cancer.The study, a systematic review and meta-analysis, was published in Obstetrics and Gynecology on Nov. 7 and authored by various professionals, including Victoria K. Cortessis, an associate professor of clinical preventative medicine at Keck.The 16 studies included in the meta-analysis observed over 12,000 women from around the world. The study concluded that women who use an IUD have their chances of developing cervical cancer lowered by a third.“The possibility that a woman could experience some help with cancer control at the same time she is making contraception decisions could potentially be very, very impactful,” Cortessis told USC News. Data released by athenahealth, a healthcare record-providing company, revealed a 19 percent rise in IUD-related doctor’s office visits by women since 2016. Audrey Chu, a junior studying international relations and the global economy, had her first experience with an IUD when she was 21. “I was personally pretty good about taking the pill at the same time every day, but it was weird when I was taking antidepressants,” Chu told USC News. “I wanted a low-hormone or hormone-free option.”According to the American Cancer Society, the rate of women contracting cervical cancer has already decreased by over 50 percent in the last 40 years, due to early detection using the Pap test. If detected in its early stages, cervical cancer can usually be cured, according to the National Cancer Institute.Almost all cases of cervical cancer are caused by human papillomavirus, or HPV, but can be prevented with vaccines. The World Health Organization found that in 2012, of the approximately 270,000 women who died from cervical cancer, 85 percent were from developing countries. As of 2016, 65 countries had approved HPV vaccines, but preventative vaccinations and tests are still less accessible in African and Asian countries.A contraceptive that also prevents cervical cancer may be useful in less developed countries, according to Cortessis. “A staggering number of women in the developing world are on the verge of entering the age range where the risk for cervical cancer is the highest — the 30s to the 60s,” Cortessis told USC News. “Even if the rate of cervical cancer remains steady, the actual number of women with cervical cancer is poised to explode.”It remains unclear how exactly IUDs protect against cervical cancer. It is possible that the placement of an IUD may trigger a protective reaction in the cervix, which can fight off dormant HPV infections. HPV-infected cervical cells may also be scraped off during the removal of an IUD. Laila Muderspach, another author of the study and the chair of obstetrics and gynecology at Keck, said that if scientists can demonstrate that the body mounts an immune response to having an IUD placed, for example, then they could investigate whether an IUD can clear an HPV infection in a clinical trial.The Engemann Student Health Center provides several sexual and reproductive health services, including Pap smears and screenings for sexually transmitted infections.last_img read more

Syracuse comes back, down 2 sets, to beat Iowa State 3-2

first_imgThe Orange controlled the lead thereafter. They went up 12-11 and won the fourth set 25-21 on another Ebangwese kill. The fifth set was almost all SU. Syracuse ended on an 8-3 run to win 15-9. Once again, Ebangwese recorded the set-ending kill.Despite the hot start for Iowa State, and the cold one for SU, both teams finished with similar hitting percentages. SU got their percentage up to .202 on the match while the Cyclones’ fell to .236.Ebangwese led the way for the Orange with 15 kills while redshirt senior Amber Witherspoon and sophomore Yuliia Yastrub both had 11. Freshman Polina Shemanova, who before the game was on a streak of four straight 20 or more kill games, recorded eight.AdvertisementThis is placeholder textSyracuse’s next game will be its home opener as the Orange start ACC play against Georgia Tech on Friday at 7 p.m. Comments Published on September 16, 2018 at 4:29 pm Contact Eric: estorms@syr.edu In the third game of Syracuse’s (4-4) three-game weekend, SU defeated Iowa State (7-6), 3-2, after coming back from two sets down. The win comes after the Orange beat Wyoming in five sets Friday and dropped a match to Iowa in five sets Saturday.In the first two sets Friday, Syracuse struggled. The Orange recorded a sub .100 in each set, while Iowa State hovered above .300, winning the first and second sets 25-18 and 25-16, respectively. The Orange improved in the third set. It traded the lead with the Cyclones until the score was tied, 20-20. A big kill by senior Santita Ebangwese gave SU a 21-20 lead and SU hung on to win the set 25-22. Facebook Twitter Google+last_img read more