The ‘Moult Rate’ (MR) method has been used widely to derive stage-specific growth rates in juvenile copepods. It is the most common field-based method. Unfortunately, the equation underlying the method is wrong and, consequently, large errors in juvenile growth rate estimates are widespread. The equation derives growth from the mean weight of 2 consecutive stages (i and i + 1) and the duration of stage i. The weight change and the period to which this change is attributed are, therefore, offset. We explore this potential source of error in the MR method critically. Errors arise as a result of 2 primary factors: (1) unequal durations of successive stages and (2) unequal rates of growth of successive stages. The method of deriving the mean weight (arithmetic or geometric) also has an impact and is examined. Using a steady-state assumption, a range of scenarios and the errors that arise are examined. The literature is then reviewed and the size of errors resulting from MR method application in both field and laboratory situations is estimated. Our results suggest that the MR method can lead to large errors in growth estimation in any stage, but some stages are particularly prone. Errors for the C5 stage are often large because the following stage (the adult) does not moult, and has a different rate of body weight increase. For the same reason, errors are also great where the following stage is not actively moulting (e.g. when diapausing). In these circumstances, published work has commonly greatly underestimated growth. For example, MR growth ranges from 11 to 47% of the value derived correctly for this stage, gi_corr (calculated assuming the non-moulting stage does not grow). In late stages that are followed by actively moulting stages, the MR method has commonly given values in excess of 150% of gi_corr, but underestimation also occurs, with values <90% of gi_corr. We propose new methods and equations that overcome these problems. These equations are written with and without within-stage mortality included. The equations are relatively insensitive to mortality rates within the range found in the field, but only provided that the stage duration is not determined from moult rate. Stage duration estimates obtained from measuring moulting rates of field-collected animals are very sensitive to mortality rates of the animals prior to capture, and field mortality rates are often high enough to produce dramatic over-estimation of stage duration.
“I’m honored to become a part-owner of the Kansas City Royals,” Mahomes said in a statement. “I love this city and the people of this great town. This opportunity allows me to deepen my roots in this community, which is something I’m excited to do.”Sherman had nothing but praise of Mahomes”He’s proven himself to be one of the top professional athletes and competitors anywhere, and he’s built a championship culture,” Sherman said. “He loves football, but he also grew up loving the game of baseball. We look forward to many years of a winning partnership.” MORE: How much money will Mahomes actually make in ‘half-billion’ dollar deal?“We are very proud and excited to have Patrick as our partner in the ownership group of this franchise,” Royals chairman John Sherman said in a statement. “Along with the rest of Kansas City, I have watched Patrick compete and become an extraordinary leader, both on and off the football field. Consistent with the entirety of our ownership group, he has a deep commitment to Kansas City and a real passion for the game of baseball — dating back to his childhood.”The 24-year-old was a talented baseball player before he opted for an NFL career. His father, Pat Mahomes, was an MLB pitcher for 11 seasons, counting the Minnesota Twins, New York Mets and Boston Red Sox among his employers.MORE: Here’s a complete list of NFL players opting out of the 2020 season Patrick Mahomes has invested an undisclosed amount of his fortune to join the Kansas City Royals ownership group.The Royals announced Tuesday the superstar Chiefs quarterback has acquired a stake in the MLB franchise. Mahomes, the 2018 NFL MVP, signed a record 10-year contract extension this offseason worth a reported $503 million, the richest in sports history.
ARCATA >> In a 10-second span the Jacks went from thinking things might have been over on one end of the field to celebrating on the other.Sophomore goalkeeper Chris Cherms’ final crucial save of the day sparked the Jacks’ most ferocious counterattack, as junior defender Cameron Spencer finished things off and slipped a shot past San Francisco State goalkeeper Emmanuel Jimenez in the 104th minute to give the Humboldt State men’s soccer team a 2-1 win over the Gators in double overtime on …
Fortuna >> Mike Benbow might not have seen a better first half from his team to open the North Coast Section playoffs last Friday night.Seven days later, last week’s impressive first half got a pretty good run for its money.Sparked by a monster stand on fourth down and a rushing attack that could not be stopped, 4th-seeded Fortuna scored a mind-boggling 41 unanswered points to end the first half that turned what was a back-and-forth opening eight minutes into a runaway 60-6 win over No. 5 …
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Google Philippines names new country director LATEST STORIES Bloomberg: US would benefit from more, not fewer, immigrants Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss Colombia protesters vow new strike after talks hit snag Wintry storm delivers US travel woes before Thanksgiving Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting Cayetano: Senate, Drilon to be blamed for SEA Games mess CALASIAO, Pangasinan —Phoenix Pulse coach Louie Alas studied the sheet of paper on which he had scribbled how he planned to divvy up the minutes for his North All-Stars.“I’m just making sure everybody gets their playing time,” said Alas. The piece of paper represented a tangible reminder that Alas was here as a first-time all-star coach.ADVERTISEMENT New bonus scheme for PH bets Without it, his focus would have wandered to far more important business.“It’s hard to focus and get really excited when the playoffs are just around the corner,” said Alas, whose Fuel Masters are the No. 1 seed in the ongoing PBA Philippine Cup.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSPalace wants Cayetano’s PHISGOC Foundation probed over corruption chargesSPORTSSingapore latest to raise issue on SEA Games food, logisticsThe All-Star weekend has given Alas the chance to relax here, but every time he starts relishing the opportunity of coaching some of the biggest names in the league, reality pulls him back.Specifically, the scrapfest for survival shaping up at the bottom of the playoff field. MOST READ Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Trump tells impeachment jokes at annual turkey pardon event The only comfortable win among the teams battling it out for position and survival was against Alaska, 94-80.“But that’s Alaska and you know Alaska is too good a team to beat twice like that,” said Alas.So serious was Alas about the playoffs that he brought the Fuel Masters here so they could schedule practices amidst the festivities of the All-Star weekend.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Panelo: Duterte ‘angry’ with SEA Games hosting hassles Any of four teams—Alaska, NLEX, Magnolia or NorthPort could wind up being Phoenix’s quarterfinal foe.“Of those teams, we beat three by just a single possession,” Alas said. “That’s why as much as I’m so happy and thrilled to be an All-Star coach, my mind keeps drifting to the playoffs.”Phoenix defeated NorthPort, 98-96, on a game it could have easily lost but for an offensive foul slapped on Sean Anthony of the Batang Pier that nullified a tie-breaking triple with the game knotted at 96.The Fuel Masters rallied to beat Magnolia, 89-87 on a clutch triple by Jason Perkins. And they held off the NLEX Road Warriors, 83-82, when Calvin Abueva swatted Bong Galanza’s potential game-turning shot.“That’s why I keep stressing how important possessions are,” Alas said.ADVERTISEMENT View comments
Rohit Sharma became the first to win six Indian Premier League titles as he led Mumbai Indians to their record 4th IPL trophy. MI defeated Chennai Super Kings by 1 run in the IPL 2019 final to lift the trophy in Hyderabad on Sunday.Rohit has been a revelation as a captain of Mumbai Indians, winning 60 of 104 match – that is a win percentage – 58.65. He led the celebrations for Mumbai Indians as well. In a video posted by Mumbai Indians on their social media handles, Rohit can be seen rapping along with Yuvraj Singh as the duo lit up the party.After winning the IPL, Rohit chose to spend some quality time with his family before he heads off to England as part of Team India at the 2019 ICC World Cup.Rohit shared some moments from his trip to the Maldives, posting photos with his family, including with his wife Ritika Sajdeh and daughter Samaria.The best thing to hold onto in life @ritssajdeh pic.twitter.com/EjBeNxzvKn Rohit Sharma (@ImRo45) May 16, 2019Rohit Sharma led from the front, scoring 405 runs, including 2 fifties, from 15 matches as Mumbai were crowned champions.Rohit though chose to credit his players for the win, saying that the feeling of family in the teams is what enables them to perform for each other on the field.”We do believe in each others’ ability and we do believe in planning strategies,” Rohit after winning the IPL.advertisement”Luckily for me, I have a staff around me which is so good at that, in terms of planning and making those crucial decisions and strategies. Because I am a firm believer in having planning. Whatever game you play, you have to go with a plan and have some sort of strategies around the opposition. I’ve seen IPL from close quarters, you need to be a little dynamic.”Also Read | Perfect Endgame: How MI served revenge cold in IPL 2019 final to CSKAlso Read | IPL 2019: Why Virat Kohli has been unable to do what Rohit and Dhoni do so often
The medals for the Tokyo 2020 Olympics were unveiled on Wednesday with exactly one year to go until next year’s Games.The unveiling of the medals, designed by Junichi Kawanishi, was the main attraction of an extravagant ceremony in the Japanese capital to commemorate the landmark.The event was attended by International Olympic Committee President Thomas Bach and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe.The medals, which are 85 millimetre in diameter, feature Greek goddess of victory Nike in their design along with the Olympic symbol and are made from recycled metals, collected from 6.21 million electronic devices donated across Japan.Abe said he hoped next year’s Games would have a similar impact as the 1964 Summer Games held in Tokyo.”Sports brings the world together and it affords equal opportunities to all. That is what sports are about,” said Abe. “Fifty five years ago we learned that when we hosted it in Tokyo before.”Next year we want to demonstrate that again and we want this to be an opportunity where we can do that.”Bach reiterated that Tokyo is the best prepared city he has ever seen ahead of an Olympic Games.”It will be a wonderful and unique moment for our gracious Japanese hosts. For you to show the world the best of Japan,” added Bach.Organisers believe they are on track to deliver a world class sporting event next year and with 3.22 million tickets already sold and over 200,000 people applying to be volunteers, engagement in Japan is unprecedented.The only reminder of the issues in the build-up to the Games on Wednesday was the presence of new Japanese Olympic Committee President Yasuhiro Yamashita on stage with Bach and Abe.advertisementYamashita took over at the JOC last month, following the resignation of Tsunekazu Takeda, who is being investigated for suspected corruption related to the Tokyo 2020 bid.Also Read | Hungarian teen Kristof Milak shatters Michael Phelps’ 200m butterfly world recordAlso See:
TagsPremiership NewsAbout the authorIan FerrisShare the loveHave your say Malta Tourism Authority deny value of Man Utd dealby Ian Ferrisa month agoSend to a friendShare the loveMalta’s minister for tourism, Konrad Mizzi, has denied reports claiming the department will pay close to €20 million (US$22 million) over three years for its sponsorship deal with Manchester United, reports, www.sportspromedia.com/.The Premier League outfit agreed a deal with the Maltese government and the Malta Tourism Authority (MTA) earlier in September to promote the country as a tourist destination. The agreement will see the Visit Malta brand given advertising space at Old Trafford, United’s home stadium, and also publicity via the club’s digital marketing channels,It was first reported by the Times pf Malta on 23rd September that the contract is valued at €20 million over three years.However, Mizzi has branded the report as ‘fake news’ in a series of posts on social media, while also describing the valuation of the deal as ‘meaningless and extraordinary’. The MTA has since released its own statement refuting the Times report.’The article is clearly based on the journalist’s own speculation and assumptions, in an attempt to create a negative aura around the partnership agreement concluded between the MTA, Visit Malta, and Manchester United,’ the statement read.’Although the cost of the actual partnership is commercially sensitive, the figure invented by the said journalist is a complete fabrication and nowhere close to the actual committed funding, which is in line with the Malta Tourism Authority’s marketing budget.’According to the Times of Malta, a source told the newspaper that the deal was ‘directly negotiated between the MTA officials and Manchester United’s commercial arm and no agents were involved’.
Some of the most active companies traded Monday on the Toronto Stock Exchange:Toronto Stock Exchange (16,103.51, up 7.44 points)Pure Technologies Ltd. (TSX:PUR). Technology. Up $4.47, or 100.68 per cent, to $8.91 on 13.2 million shares. The Calgary-based water pipeline technology and inspection company says it has agreed to be sold for more than half a billion dollars to New York-based Xylem Inc.Aurora Cannabis Inc. (TSX:ACB). Health care. Up 22 cents, or 3.10 per cent, to $7.31 on 9.7 million shares. Saskatoon-based medical marijuana producer CanniMed Therapeutics (TSX:CMED) (Down six cents, or 0.30 per cent, to $19.87 on 159,202 shares) is seeking regulatory action in both Saskatchewan and Ontario, the company’s latest push back against a hostile takeover attempt by Aurora Cannabis. CanniMed has applied to securities regulators in both provinces to have Aurora’s hostile offer be considered an “insider bid,” and be treated as such.Valeant Pharmaceuticals International Inc. (TSX:VRX). Pharmaceutical. Up $1.09, or 4.30 per cent, to $26.45 on 4.7 million shares.Canopy Growth Corp. (TSX:WEED). Health care. Up 49 cents, or 2.52 per cent, to $19.91 on 4.5 million shares.Aphria Inc. (TSX:APH). Health care. Up 59 cents, or 4.38 per cent, to $14.06 on 3.9 million shares.Fortune Minerals Ltd. (TSX:FT). Miner. Up one cent, or 3.70 per cent, to 28 cents on 3.8 million shares.Companies reporting major news:Onex Corp. (TSX:ONEX). Industrials. Up 53 cents, or 0.55 per cent, to $96.07 on 127,657 shares. The Toronto-based private equity company says it has agreed to acquire a U.S. company that manages hundreds of sports, entertainment and business venues including Soldier Field, home to the NFL’s Chicago Bears. Onex didn’t disclose how much it will pay for privately held SMG Holdings Inc., in partnership with its existing management team. The deal is expected to close in early 2018.