SA remembers Es’kia Mphahlele

first_imgPublished in 2002, “Es’kia” is a collection of essays and public speeches spanning 30 years. The author’s memorabilia such as this poster, are available for sale at the Es’kia Institute, which is inspired by Es’kia Mphahlele’s work.(Images:Es’kia Institute)Khanyi Magubane The South African literary fraternity is in mourning following the death of world-renowned writer Professor Es’kia Mphahlele at his hometown in the Limpopo province on 27 October 2008.The celebrated writer, academic cultural and social activist, died at a hospital near his house in Lebowakgomo, where he had since retired, north of South Africa at the age of 88.His family confirmed that he died of natural causes at the hospital.In paying tribute to the late writer, minister of arts and culture Dr Pallo Jordaan said of Mphahlele, “Soft-spoken, humble, urbane, cosmopolitan, erudite and exuding ubuntu, Es’kia Mphahlele embodied in his person and in his work what he described as “the personification of the African paradox – detribalised, westernised but still African.”The legendary wordsmith has contributed greatly to the literary community, both in South Africa and internationally.Mphahlele was the author of two autobiographies, novels, more than thirty books of short stories; two verse plays and a number of poetry anthologies.Fondly referred to as “the man of African Letters” he’s best known for his first book Man must live published in 1947. He is also revered for his book Down second Avenue, a vivid autobiography published in 1959 in which he describes his early years growing up in rural northern South Africa.Published in 1959, Down second Avenue, is an autobiography by Mphahlele, which has been translated into 10 European languages as well Japanese and Hebrew. The book was banned in South Africa in 1966 under the Publications and Controls Board Act. It was later unbanned in 1978.His book The African Image, which includes essays, literary and cultural as well as political commentary was published in London in 1962.In 1957, Mphahlele was offered a job teaching in a Church Mission Society school in Lagos. He spent the next 20 years in Nigeria and Kenya, where he was the director of the Chemchemi Cultural Centre.He then moved on to Zambia, France and the United States, where he earned a doctoral degree from the University of Denver in 1968. He went on to lecture at the University of Pennsylvania.He returned to South Africa in 1977, where he joined the University of the Witwatersrand, becoming the first professor of the institution and founded the African literature department.Born to be a writer“It has been my fate to be a teacher and writer. The imagination is my regular beat as it is also the workshop of my mind; the territory of ideas, knowledge, thought and emotion is my hunting ground,” wrote Mphahlele in 1993.Born on December 17 1919, he was a herd boy in the then Northern Transvaal.Although he was born in Marabastad in Pretoria, while he was still a young boy, his parents sent him to live with his paternal grandmother. He returned to Pretoria to start his formal education. After high school, where he obtained a school-leaving certificate (an equivalent of grade 10), Mphahlele went on to study at Adams College, where he qualified as a teacher in 1940.He completed his grade 12 while working two jobs as a teacher and a shorthand typist.After a short stint in politics – he was part of a group of young members of the ANC who formed the ANC youth league – Mphahlele returned to his passion; education.He took up a post, teaching English and Afrikaans at the Orlando High School, in Soweto in the early 1940s.His teaching career was however short-lived. During his tenure at Orlando High, he encountered graduates from the legendary Fort Hare University, which has produced some of South Africa’s greatest thinkers, and Mphahlele was inspired to get involved in a number of advocacy activities.He joined the Transvaal African Teachers Association (TATA).The 1949 Eislen Commission on Native Education, inspired by the-then recently elected minister of Native Affairs Dr. H.F. Verwoerd, recommended a radically new system of education for black South African students, which TATA, along with other teacher organisations in other parts of the country opposed.For his participation in move against oppressive act, Mphahlele was one of a number of teachers who were permanently banned from teaching in South Africa.With his teaching career over, Mphahlele starting a long writing career, with his first book Man Must live, gaining him much recognition.In the next era of his life as a writer, Mphahlele pursued a career in journalism in the 1950s.Mphahlele wrote a series of short stories published in Drum magazine. His work helped to consolidate the short story tradition in South African literature, which is recognised among the best in the world.Writers which the Drum-era produced, include Bessie Head, Arthur Maimane, Todd Matshikiza, James Matthews, Bloke Modisane, Casey Motsisi, Lewis Nkosi, Richard Rive, and Can Themba.When Mphahlele left South Africa to live in exile, his literary and academic career developed significantly.During his 20 years abroad, he published two collections of short stories, which followed shortly after his first book. While in West Africa, he published The Living and the Dead in 1961.Six years later, in East Africa, he published In Corner B.The contents of both collections of short stories are included in The Unbroken Song (1986), which also contains some of Mphahlele’s poems.As part of his Master’s thesis, in 1962 he published The African Image, which provides a historical perspective of South African literature. This, he juxtaposed with the way European writers often dealt with African subjects in their texts. He later revised the book and a second edition appeared in 1974.For his PhD, he produced The Wanderers, a novel of exile originally submitted as a dissertation for his PhD in creative writing.A writer of excellenceProfessor Es’kia Mphahlele has received many awards for his work in his lifetime. Some of his achievements include being nominated for the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1969.In 1984 he was awarded the prestigious Les Palmes Academiques by the French Government for his contribution to French Language and Culture.In 1998 former President Nelson Mandela awarded him the Order of the Southern Cross, the highest recognition granted by the South African Government.In 2000, he was acknowledged as, Writer Of The Century by Tribute Magazine.In 2001, the University Of Venda for Science and Technology opened the Es’kia Mphahlele Centre for African Studies.He has over 10 honorary doctorates from Universities across the world.Over the years, many prominent South African politicians, writers and social commentators have paid tribute to Mphahlele.Writer and literature Nobel laureate Nadine Gordimer, describes Mphahlele as one of Africa’s greatest minds,“ … From exile, on his return to us, Mphahlele brought back experience, hard-won against homesickness, of cultural administration, educational methods and scholarly advances.“We need his experience, his wisdom, and above all his keenly critical mind among us to achieve a South Africa and an African Renaissance to fulfil an Africa, in the words of Steve Biko, ‘self-defined, not defined by others’ politically, economically, socially, culturally or, philosophically.”Professor Kader Asmal, former South African cabinet minister and member of parliament said of Mphahlele, “Es’kia Mphahlele’s life’s work is an inspiration to all of us. He remains the quintessential teacher who is at the same time the perpetual student. His commitment to education is unequivocal.”From Rhodes University, Prof Guy Butler described Mphahlele as a writer who was a leader amongst his peers in many ways, “Es’kia Mphahlele’s position as a pioneer among the writers of Southern Africa is secure. He is more than a major figure in the intellectual resistance to apartheid; he is an eloquent exponent of African awareness and values: of African humanism, of generosity, and plain, heroic magnitude of mind.”Related StoriesSouth African English South African literatureUseful LinksThe Es’kia Mphahlele institute Department of arts and cultureDo you have any comments or queries about this article? Email Khanyi Magubane at: [email protected]last_img read more

A manageable pest

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest By Dusty Sonnenberg, CCA, Ohio Field LeaderAnytime the words “invasive species” are used to describe a new pest, people take notice. That is the hope when it comes to the brown marmorated stink bug. Kelley Tilmon, Ohio State University Extension entomologist, hopes farmers will take advantage of the new Stink Bugs pocket guide and quick reference card. The new pocket guide and quick reference cards were produced with funding from the North Central Soybean Research Program and the Ohio Soybean Council and the soybean checkoff. Stink bugs are pests that may decrease soybean yields and quality significantly without proper management. “The good news it this is a manageable pest,” Tilmon said. “Most of our pyrethroid insecticides are effective against stink bugs. The use of organophosphates is not generally recommended.” Stink bugs attack soybeans by inserting their piercing and sucking mouthparts directly into the pod and developing seed. “In essence, they feed on the good stuff that the seed needs to develop,” Tilmon said. “In fields where stink bug infestations are severe, yield losses above 20 bushels per acre have been realized. There has been over a 50% loss in seed quality in those same fields.” From a quality standpoint, pods impacted will appear to be flat where the seeds were fed on. As the pod matures and dries down, those affected seeds will appear shriveled and discolored. Depending on the stage of the soybean at the time of feeding, they may even be aborted. Another concern when it comes to yield is the potential for green stem syndrome. Green stem syndrome occurs when soybean plants stay green at the time when the leaves should be maturing (turning yellow) and dropping to the ground. This results in delayed maturity. The predominant thought is that green stem syndrome is caused by disease, insect feeding (such as stink bugs), and environmental stress during the reproductive stages of the plant. “Awareness of the pest is the first step. You will not typically notice damage by simply walking the field. Scouting involves the use of a sweep net,” Tilmon said. The economic threshold is an average of four stinkbugs in 10 sweeps for commodity soybeans. That threshold drops to an average of two stinkbugs per 10 sweeps if the beans are for seed production. Tilmon recommends scouting when soybeans are at the R3 stage of development to create a baseline. Scouting should continue throughout the remainder of the growing season. There are a variety of problematic stink bugs found in Ohio. “While the brown marmorated stink bug is the invasive species, other common species include the green stink bug, redshouldered stink bug, brown stink bug, dusky stink bug, and onespotted stink bug. All these can cause damage to soybeans,” Tilmon said. Tilmon reminds growers that if a treatment is warranted for stink bugs, to keep in mind that the later we get in the season, pre-harvest intervals could come into play. “Applicators should be sure to check the product label for the respective pre-harvest interval that must be followed,” Tilmon said.There are also beneficial stink bugs in Ohio. The two-spotted stink bug and spined shouldered bug are predatory species. These are the good bugs,” Tilmon said. Currently a good deal of stink bug and general entomology research is being conducted in Ohio and the surrounding states. The North Central Soybean Research Program is funding studies of the various beneficial insects that exist. Parasitoid wasps attach the eggs of stink bugs and ladybugs will feed on the stink bug eggs. Entomologists are investigating the release of beneficial insects found in Asia where the brown marmorated stink bug is native. There is also research being conducted investigating potential soybean variety susceptibility and traits.Ohio Field Leader is a project of the Ohio Soybean Council. For more, visit ohiofieldleader.com.last_img read more

NAB 2018: Blackmagic Announces DaVinci Resolve 15

first_imgAt the 2018 NAB Show, Blackmagic Design announced the much-anticipated new version of their stellar NLE, DaVinci Resolve 15.All images via Blackmagic Design.What’s new to Resolve? Fusion visual effects, thats what! Resolve now offers Fusion visual effects and motion graphics directly in the program. The new software also includes a LUT browser, making it easier to see, preview, and color grade on the go. The new stacked timelines allow you to copy and paste between them, which means more freedom to build and erase sequences as you please. The biggest additions to the already-stellar new software are the Fusion and Fairlight updates. Let’s take a look at some of the key new features for each tab.Fusion EffectsThis could be a serious game changer for motion graphics or visual effects artists. Based on the demo during the press release, the beauty in Fusion lies in the compatibility of the VFX edit with your timeline — that is, it goes right to your timeline. This streamlined workflow will save time during a crunch or while cranking out last-minute revisions.Here are some of the features of the new program, straight from the product page:Vector Paint — resolution-independent paint tools with flexible brush styles, blend modes, and strokes for removing items or painting new elements.Rotoscoping — isolate objects from other elements in a scene using bezier and B-spline tools to quickly draw and animate custom shapes.3D Particle Systems — create swirling, sparkling fantastic effects in full 3D, complete with physics and behavioral forces like gravity, avoidance. and bounce.Powerful Keying — key any element using the new Delta keyer, Ultra, Chroma, Luma, and differential keyers to create the best composite.True 3D Compositing — combine live-action with 3D models, cameras, lights, and more in a true 3D workspace to create amazing photorealistic effects.Tracking and Stabilization — use 3D and planar trackers to track, match move, and stabilize anything! Match camera movement with the camera tracker.Fusion offers titles right from the get-go under Titles > Fusion Titles, which will give you access to Fusion compositions (which will open under the “Fusions” tab) that you can edit however you’d like.FairlightYou can import Fairlight and Fusion projects into your Resolve project. The audio editing program has been massively updated featuring ADR Tools, audio normalization, 3D panners, audio and video scrollers, and a sound library database.Here are some of the new Fairlight features:ADR Replacement — comprehensive professional ADR toolset for recording dialog replacement.Fixed Playhead — smooth scrolling timeline with fixed playhead in the center of the screen.Native Audio-Plugins — cross-platform reverb, de-esser, hum removal, chorus, stereo, and vocal plug‑ins.Normalization — apply a constant amount of gain to bring peak amplitude to a specific target level.Sound Library Database — scan and search 1000s of audio clips using the internal sound library database.You can now access subtitles more easily because they’ll be right on the Editing page. The ADR tools in the demo are pretty outstanding, offering you endless ways to customize and categorize which takes you liked best, as well as organize the audio waves for each take — and rate which takes you liked best.For all the details on the new update, check out Resolve’s website here.The Free Beta version of DaVinci Resolve 15 is available to download RIGHT NOW.The studio version is going to be $299.For more NAB coverage, check out our other articles:NAB 2018: SmallHD Unveils 5 New Focus MonitorsNAB 2018: Blackmagic is Releasing A New Pocket Cinema CameraNAB 2018: LaCie’s Rugged Hard Drive Gets TougherNAB 2018 Announcement: The Sony FS5 Gets an UpdateNAB 2018: What You Should Know Before You Golast_img read more

Suspended bureaucrat held for graft in Assam

first_imgThe Assam police on Sunday arrested a bureaucrat for his alleged involvement in a land scam associated with a Central government project.Pradip Kumar Talukdar, an Assam Civil Service officer, was taken to southern Assam’s Karimganj district after the police arrested him from his Guwahati residence.He was the Deputy Commissioner of Karimganj district when the alleged incident of graft took place. 20 cases filedMr. Talukdar was facing 20 cases for allegedly siphoning off the money that was meant to compensate local people whose lands were acquired by the Land Ports Authority of India for a border trade project at Sutarkandi. The bureaucrat was transferred to the Cooperative Department where he was serving as a secretary. The government had suspended him on July 19.last_img read more

WNBA star Maya Moore mural on Hypercourt for Her inspires women ballers to raise their game

first_imgMurals of WNBA star Maya Moore and NBA icon LeBron James alongside each other in Hypercourts in Taguig. CONTRIBUTED PHOTOMANILA, Philippines—Female ballers are getting their own space.To encourage and inspire other female basketball players to come out and play, one of the Hypercourts in Manila got a makeover.ADVERTISEMENT BVR on Tour: Tan-Rodriguez, Abdilla-Lopez duos win crowns In the improved version of the app, male and female ballers are featured in the training videos and training sessions for women in the area will be made available.“The goal is to continue to build the basketball community specifically for the female,” Nike sports marketing manager Jino Ferrer told reporters. “The idea behind the Hypercourt 1.0 was to give a training platform for ballers that is free, because when we started building the innovation behind it we found out that Filipinos love to play but they don’t have a platform for training.”While the Hypercourt for Her in Taguig and Hypercourt 2.0 app are not exclusive to females, the women ballers get free space and platform to raise their game in basketball.“Hypercourt is a dual gender initiative, but moving forward but they will be specifically designed for women. We have a focus on helping female ballers to train and progress in the sport of basketball this year,” said Ferrer.This innovation sparked inspiration among the female athletes in the country, who are hoping to lead the charge in taking women’s basketball to the next level.ADVERTISEMENT Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games PLAY LIST 02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss View comments “It makes me feel very good [to have this kind of opportunity]. It makes me feel very proud to be a woman basketball player because before when the Hypercourt was first made, [the murals] were both men and now there’s a woman here, there is finally representation,” said Guytingco. Trump campaign, GOP groups attack Google’s new ad policy LATEST STORIES P2.5 B shabu seized in Makati sting, Chinese national nabbed MOST READ Lacson backs proposal to elect president and vice president in tandem Urgent reply from Philippine ‍football chief Just like the other Hypercourts that feature sprawling murals of NBA heroes, a special space in the Taguig court for female ballers called Hypercourt for Her has been painted over with the image of WNBA superstar Maya Moore.“I feel like just having Maya Moore painted on a Hypercourt serves a lot of inspiration for girls and just the fact that they are given opportunity, space to have somewhere to be able to play and not have to worry about judgment I feel like that’s gonna really inspiring for a lot of women,” said Trina Guytingco of the Ateneo women’s basketball team.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSUrgent reply from Philippine ‍football chiefSPORTSPalace wants Cayetano’s PHISGOC Foundation probed over corruption chargesHypercourt for Her was officially launched on Sunday, just a few days after the celebration of the International Women’s Day, with activities like group training sessions with female members of the media and 3×3 competition for women lined up for the day.‘Hypercourt for Her’ gives women free space to train. CONTRIBUTED PHOTOThe Hypercourt app, which offers free and extensive basketball training programs, also got an upgrade to 2.0, with features that are made to cater to the needs of female basketball players in the country. Hong Kong tunnel reopens, campus siege nears end 1 dead, 3 injured in Quezon road crash SEA Games hosting troubles anger Dutertelast_img read more