Revealing higher than expected meiofaunal diversity in Antarctic sediments: a metabarcoding approach

first_imgAn increasing number of studies are showing that Antarctic mega- and macrofauna are highly diverse, however, little is known about meiofaunal biodiversity in sediment communities, which are a vital part of a healthy and functional ecosystem. This is the first study to analyse community DNA (targeting meiofauna) using metabarcoding to investigate biodiversity levels in sediment communities of the Antarctic Peninsula. The results show that almost all of the meiofaunal biodiversity in the benthic habitat has yet to be characterised, levels of biodiversity were higher than expected and similar to temperate regions, albeit with the existence of potentially new and locally adapted species never described before at the molecular level. The Rothera meiofaunal sample sites showed four dominant eukaryotic groups, the nematodes, arthropods, platyhelminthes, and the annelids; some of which could comprise species complexes. Comparisons with deep-sea data from the same region suggest little exchange of Operational Taxonomic Units (OTUs) between depths with the nematodes prevalent at all depths, but sharing the shallow water benthos with the copepods. This study provides a preliminary analysis of benthic Antarctic Peninsula meiofauna using high throughput sequencing which substantiates how little is known on the biodiversity of one of the most diverse, yet underexplored communities of the Antarctic: the benthos.last_img read more

Staine carries Dixie State over North Dakota 74-73

first_img Written by Tags: Dixie State Trailblazers Basketball/Frank Staine FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailST. GEORGE, Utah (AP) — Frank Staine had 19 points and Jacob Nicolds recorded 17 points and eight rebounds as Dixie State narrowly defeated North Dakota 74-73.The win gives the Trailblazers a 1-0 record to start their first season in Division 1.Mitchell Sueker led the Fighting Hawks with 19 points and eight rebounds. December 3, 2020 /Sports News – Local Staine carries Dixie State over North Dakota 74-73 Associated Presslast_img read more

Major Overhaul for Dutch Navy’s HNLMS Zeeleeuw Sub

first_img View post tag: major View post tag: Navy View post tag: maintenance Share this article May 23, 2013 Industry news View post tag: The Netherlands View post tag: News by topic View post tag: HNLMS View post tag: Sustainment View post tag: Overhaul View post tag: Navalcenter_img View post tag: Walrus class Dutch Navy’s submarine HNLMS Zeeleeuw is undergoing a major renovation. This sustainment project for the Walrus class of submarines will improve the worldwide deployability of the Netherlands’ four submarines with regard to conducting various missions, countering piracy being on the top of the list.Life-extending maintenance will bring these submarines, which were commissioned in the early 1990s, completely up-to-date. They will undergo a major revamp both on the outside and on the inside of the vessels, which will make the submarine fleet fit for service until at least 2015.The four most important modifications are:optronic mast;modernised sonar;improved satellite communication;operational software (modern combat management system).The renovation will be carried out by the Naval Maintenance and Sustainment Organisation in Den Helder. The total cost will amount to €94 million and the Zeeleeuw will have been fully modified by 2015.[mappress]Press Release, May 23, 2013; Image: Dutch Navy View post tag: europe View post tag: Defence View post tag: Zeeleeuw View post tag: submarine Major Overhaul for Dutch Navy’s HNLMS Zeeleeuw Sub Back to overview,Home naval-today Major Overhaul for Dutch Navy’s HNLMS Zeeleeuw Sub View post tag: Dutch View post tag: Organisationlast_img read more


first_imgHuber Street School Principal Linda Wilhelm discusses her family’s immigration history with third graders. See briefs for more information. Food pantry seeks donationsThe Secaucus food pantry is seeking soup donations for February. Items can be dropped at the town’s senior center at 101 Centre Ave., Monday through Friday, from 8 a.m. to 3 p.m. For more information, please call either Pat or Eileen at (201) 330-2014. ×Huber Street School Principal Linda Wilhelm discusses her family’s immigration history with third graders. See briefs for more information.center_img Town Council gives advice on avoiding door scamsThe mayor and Town Council, in conjunction with the Secaucus Police Department, are reminding locals to be alert for door-to-door solicitors. Unless you expect visitors, they recommend you verify identification from utility workers before allowing them into your home. In an effort to further safeguard citizens, the town requires solicitors to register with Secaucus Police prior to knocking on people’s doors. They must wear visible identification at all times while canvassing.If a solicitor knocks on your door, but is not wearing the required identification, you are urged to call the Police Department at (201) 330-2060.Huber Street School principal discusses family treeLinda Wilhelm, principal at the Huber Street School, recently sat down with third graders to discuss her family history. The students were talking about Ellis Island and immigration for history. Wilhelm shared black and white photos of a book about her mother. It included a love letter her father gave to her mother while he served in the Army in 1943. The Secaucus School District thanked Ms. Wilhelm for sharing her past with the students.Man, woman arrested for drug possession, outstanding warrantsSecaucus Police arrested Raul Mateo, 22, a North Bergen man; and Destiny Perez, 22, a Jersey City woman, on Feb. 6, according to a release. Officials charged Mateo with possession of drugs and Perez with outstanding warrants. Police said Mateo was allegedly in possession of marijuana, and a quantity of marijuana was allegedly thrown from the couple’s vehicle prior to an officer approaching. Perez was found to allegedly have two outstanding warrants, $200 from Secaucus, and $100 from Jersey City. She posted bail and was released. Mateo received summonses for Drug Possession and Possession of Drug Paraphernalia.last_img read more

School Report

first_imgSunday I meet Lorna Bennett at Liverpool Airport before setting off on our trip. Lorna works for Huffkins of Burford and won the Piero Scacco Award from the Worshipful Company of Bakers. I was the winner of the Association of Bakery Ingredient Manufacturers (ABIM) Award. Both awards are funding our trip to the Richemont school, which has been arranged with help from Liz Davidson, president of the Richemont Club of Great Britain.On arrival in Basle, Switzerland, we meet up with some of the other people attending the course and make our way to Lucerne together. We have a slight problem on the train – we had all purchased children’s tickets – so we have to pay full fare on the train itself. On arrival in Lucerne, we make our way to the hotel and check in. The hotel and room are lovely. Then we go to a delightful Italian restaurant – most of the group eat together, which is good because we get to know each other before the course starts. Then we have a quick stroll by the lake and retire to bed.MondayWe go to the school for breakfast and meet up with everyone else. We are greeted by our demonstrators and translators. We then have a tour of the school. Wow! What an amazing place. I’m sure we are going to learn a lot. After the tour we go into the classroom. Our first lecturer talks to us about working with chocolate. I find it very interesting and I get some great ideas from it. After lunch, it is back to the classroom for the rest of the afternoon. That evening we have dinner at the Richemont Gastretto restaurant, then most of the group walk to Lucerne for a drink. It is a nice end to a really interesting day.TuesdayWe start the day by being shown how to make moulds from silicon, then get the chance to make our own. This is particularly useful because we get to take them home. In the afternoon we make a chocolate Easter line, which involves marzipan modelling, piping chocolate, piping Royal Icing and air brushing. These are all techniques that I have not had much experience in, so I learn an awful lot of new skills during the session. School finishes for the day, then it is back to Richemont Gastretto for our evening meal, before turning in early – it is tiring work learning so many new skills!WednesdayAfter breakfast we have a two-hour coach journey to Chur to visit a bakery and chocolate company called Confiserie Merz. It is absolutely amazing. The range and quality of the products is superb. The staff are really friendly and answer all our questions. They also let us take lots of photographs of the products.The bakery visit is followed by a trip to Zurich and the well-known chocolate company Lindt & Sprüngli. We look around its chocolate museum and also visit the shop. Back at the hotel, we have time to change before being picked up and taken to a Swiss restaurant. Two members of the school accompany us to the meal that evening, which is lovely. A case of great food, great company!ThursdayWe are introduced to the head pastry chef at the Richemont School. He shows us various types of bread, such as potato, leek and onion, and rye. He also encourages us to come up with new ideas for speciality breads. The president of the Richemont School then presents the group with a certificate, and thanks us all for attending. We all have a glass of champagne and say our goodbyes.I had a wonderful time and have been inspired by the quality of products that I have seen. I had the good fortune to join the course, run by the Richemont Club of Great Britain – I’m very grateful to its president, Liz Davidson, for all her help. Bakers interested in applying for the 2006 Piero Scacco and ABIM Awards, should contact the Worshipful Company of Bakers, email: [email protected] or ABIM’s Steven Birrell, tel: 0131 229 9415 or email: [email protected]last_img read more

Fortification’s weak case

first_imgThe ’robust’ case for fortifying bread with folic acid is distinctly dodgy when one examines the details.We are told that mandatory fortification has reduced Neural Tube Defect (NTD) births in the US. Yet I believe the evidence does not indicate this at all. The US Centers for Disease Control found that there was actually a 8-16% decline in folate levels in women of child-bearing age after the measure was introduced, suggesting that the cause was, instead, the greater intake of vitamins from the ’five-a-day’ and wholegrain campaigns, which occurred over the same period. Like many vitamins, folate needs to be consumed with other vitamins to be effective.Folic acid is a synthetic version of vitamin B9, not the natural vitamin. Since the 1950s, research has shown that natural vitamins protect against neuro-degenerative diseases and heart disease. The assumption was that synthetic vitamins would do the same, and the vitamin supplements industry was born. But on August 5 last year, the New Scientist reported on years of studies into Vitamin A and E supplements, which found that there was some controversial evidence they could be harmful. Why, then, should we trust synthetic folic acid?Although currently produced chemically, methods to produce folic acid through genetic modification are at an advanced stage. The bread industry will need to have exceptionally good reasons for allowing bread, with its wholesome image, to be treated with GM supplements. To mass-produce nutrients from GM bacteria, requires forcibly amplifying a bacterial metabolic pathway and increases all the by-products of that pathway, some of which may be toxic.There are 700-900 pregnancies affected by NTDs each year, with only 200 or so babies actually born with them. This policy will reduce these rates by only 11-18%. Mass-medicating the whole population for this – 500,000 people for each case saved – is wrong. And this focus on a single nutrient is a refusal to recognise the greater problem – serious food-related disorders affecting millions of people in this country. Obesity, cancer, infertility, heart disease, behavioural problems, and constipation all have a common cause (in part) with NTDs – namely, diets that are too high in refined, processed foods and too low in wholegrains and vegetables.The Soil Association believes that, for good health, diets should be predominantly composed of minimally processed foods. Crops grown from a living soil, without pesticides, should provide all the vitamins and minerals needed.Sales of organic food in the UK were £1.6bn last year and are increasing by £7m every week. So we cannot accept policies that support the routine degradation of nutrients by intensive processing and then the replacement of a few of the missing elements by ’fortification’ with synthetic versions.Thus, the SA opposes mandatory fortification and supports the option of improving diets, through education and the promotion of healthy foods. But we also believe the baking industry should recognise its vital role. Natural folate levels are highly influenced by the wheat variety, the milling of white flour and the Chorleywood process. Rather than being a hostage to fortification, the industry could assess the nutritional value of the wheat varieties it buys, and influence farmers’ choices. It could make slow fermentation more accessible and educate consumers about the health benefits.The baking industry should take the initiative in this challenge. Surely, little is more important than the quality of the nation’s staple foods.last_img read more

‘Incognito’ author uncovers biases

first_imgOne hundred people paired up and observed one another without saying a word.The group gathered at the Radcliffe Institute’s Knafel Center on April 24 had a purpose: to make written judgments about the other based solely on appearance. The point? Judging people solely on appearance, without further efforts to know them, can result in unconscious bias.Understanding difference requires looking beyond the superficial, said the actor, author, and activist Michael Sidney Fosberg, whose solo show “Incognito” has appeared onstage since 2000.Fosberg’s workshop, “Cultural Competence: A Best Practice for Neutralizing Bias,” demonstrated how being culturally competent, or having a better understanding of other cultures, can help create a healthy, more productive workplace.The event was the final installment of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences (FAS) Diversity Dialogues for the academic year and was sponsored by the Faculty of Arts and Sciences Dean’s Office, FAS Human Resources, and the Radcliffe Institute.“The one-on-ones with strangers in the [Knafel Center] elicited questions, assumptions, and judgments that, regardless of how innocent and harmless they are, can easily lead to a path of bias,” said Chirajeet Sen, recruiting manager at Harvard Business School.“The dialogue was very helpful and eye-opening,” Sen said.  “As a human-resources professional, it enables me to be more self-aware and open to people with different personalities and from different backgrounds. Starting a dialogue and looking at things that we easily take for granted is why this event will be helpful in my workplace.”Deborah Valdovinos, events coordinator in the History of Science Department, agreed. “This and the other diversity dialogues have empowered me to discuss and deal with diversity-related issues in my workplace,” she said. “As an employee of color who has experienced different and challenging workplace realities, I find the diversity dialogues to be a safer venue, where the complex and at times highly charged issues around diversity can be productively discussed.”The dialogues “give me the opportunity to not only reflect on my own implicit bias, but to feel the power of coming together as a group to recognize how pervasive our inclination to judge others truly is,” said Heidi Wickersham, administrative coordinator with the Harvard Foundation for Intercultural and Race Relations.  “I appreciate that the University has taken the first steps in trying to ameliorate their impact in our work within FAS by encouraging dialogue. I hope to see continued dialogue on these issues with an emphasis on creating guidelines for staff and administrators to help improve attitudes and overcome bias, and toward a community commitment to proactively create a more inclusive environment for faculty, staff, and students of all backgrounds.”last_img read more

Annaleigh Ashford Tapped for George, Starring Jake Gyllenhaal

first_img View Comments Annaleigh Ashford (Photo: Bruce Glikas) It’s hot up here! Tony winner Annaleigh Ashford will star opposite the previously reported Jake Gyllenhaal in Stephen Sondheim and James Lapine’s Sunday in the Park with George. Two extra dates have been added to the New York City Center gala concert performance on October 24; the event will now also run on October 25 and October 26.Ashford will make her Sondheim debut in the role of Dot; she won the Tony for You Can’t Take It With You. Additional Broadway performances include Sylvia, Kinky Boots, Wicked, Hair and Legally Blonde. She is a series regular on Masters of Sex and recently completed work on The Rocky Horror Picture Show, which will air on FOX in October.The Pulitzer Prize-winning musical Sunday in the Park with George follows painter Georges Seurat (Gyllenhaal) in the months leading up to the completion of his most famous painting, “A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte.” Consumed by his need to “finish the hat,” Seurat alienates the French bourgeoisie, spurns his fellow artists, and neglects his lover Dot (Ashford), not realizing that his actions will reverberate over the next 100 years.last_img read more

Tomato Diagnosis

first_imgEven when you seem to have done everything right, tomatoes can fail in the garden. Here are a few of the reasons why. Failure to set fruit. The causes: cool night air and soil (below 55 degrees), abnormally hot weather, low soil moisture, too much shade or overfertilizing. For early tomatoes, use varieties that will set well during the cold of April. Blossom end rot. This disorder causes the fruit to have a dark, sunken area on the blossom end. You can prevent it by maintaining even soil moisture. Other causes: root damage limiting the uptake and movement of calcium. Mulches help moderate soil moisture fluctuations as well as eliminate the need for cultivation. Improper pH can keep the plant from absorbing enough calcium, too. Mosaic diseases. Several viruses will produce mottling and curling of leaves and disfiguration of tomatoes. Insects (often aphids), animals and people spread these diseases. Don’t let anyone smoke in your garden. If you smoke, always wash your hands before touching the plants. Tobacco mosaic virus from an infected cigarette can be spread to tomatoes as well as to cucumbers, squashes, asters, roses and many other plants. Wilt. Both Fusarium and Verticillium can cause tomatoes to die early. They cause the plant to wilt even with good moisture. If you cut the stem, the vascular tissue will be discolored. Both wilts are soil-borne and widespread in the South. The only solution is to use resistant varieties. Leaf Roll. With this disorder, older leaves roll upward. Symptoms usually are seen when plants have a heavy fruit load. Environmental factors reported to promote symptoms include high heat, drought and prolonged times of wet soil. Blights and Other Fungal Diseases. A number of fungi are important on tomatoes. Most can be controlled by regular sprays of recommended fungicides. For early and late blights, anthracnose and fruit rots, use a fungicide once each week when the disease first appears. Herbicide Injury. Hormone-type herbicides such as 2,4-D or Banvel D used near the garden can cause serious damage on tomatoes. The symptoms are downward-curling leaves and twisting new growth. Don’t spray these products on a windy day or near the garden. Don’t use grass clippings for a mulch or in a compost pile, either, if the lawn was recently treated with a herbicide. Aphids. These can cause a loss of plant vigor and may carry disease. Many chemical products will control aphids. Read and follow label directions. Insecticidal soap is an organic spray that controls many soft-bodied insects, too. Whitefly. Whitefly has become a major problem in tomatoes. Many times touching a plant will send up a cloud of white. They feed on the plant, causing weak growth. Tomato Hornworm. This large green worm has a horn on the back end. Hand-pick these large insects from small plantings. Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) can be used as a biological control for hornworms when they’re small. Root knot. Affected plants usually are stunted and may wilt in hot, dry weather. An easy-to-see symptom: the roots contain elongated and round swellings (root knots). Nematodes — tiny, usually microscopic worms — are the cause. Rotate crops and buy resistant transplants (the letter N will follow the variety name) from a reputable nursery.last_img read more

The September Issue of Blue Ridge Outdoors is Live!

first_imgThe September issue of Blue Ridge Outdoors Magazine is live! Pick up your copy or read online today for great stories on the 200 year history of the bicycle, a SUPer’s first descent of the Little Tennessee, the emergence of bike fishing in the Blue Ridge, the unspoken scourge of sexual harassment in the outdoors and much more!QUICK HITS94-year-old woman from Charlotte, N.C., becomes oldest marathoner • Trout fishing lures money to the mountainsFLASHPOINTIf you get lost, should you help pay to be found?THE GOODSBiking badass Tristan Cowie picks his favorite gear.TRAIL MIXAmericana Aces—Fresh records from favorite roots songwriters.SEXUAL HARASSMENT IN THE OUTDOORSFemale raft guides voice their concerns about an unspoken problem facing the outdoor industry.SUP FIRST DESCENTPaddleboarder Chris Lechner completes a SUP first descent of the 139-mile Little Tennessee River. Along the way, he uncovers history beneath the water and wisdom from unexpected sources.YEAR OF THE BIKEFrom tool to toy, the bike has served many roles over the course of history. Follow along on this two-wheeled tribute to learn how the bike came to be and what it’s doing for our communities and economies 200 years later.FULL SUSPENSIONS AND FLY RODSFly fishing and mountain biking go hand in hand in the Pisgah National Forest of Western North Carolina. SWEAT SHOPSAre boutique fitness gyms like CrossFit, Orange Theory, WellFit, Madabolic, Hard Exercise Works, and SoulCycle offering better workouts? BRO puts them to the test.SINGLESPEED AIN’T DEADConsigned to kids’ bikes for the past century, the single speed made an impassioned comeback in the early 2000s, and for a dedicated few, the spirit of the single speed lives on.BEST BIKE TRAIL THAT YOU’VE NEVER HEARD OFThe Sheltowee Trace is a National Recreation Trail spanning 323 miles through the Daniel Boone National Forest and Big South Fork National River Recreation Area in both Kentucky and Tennessee.last_img read more